Wednesday, February 3, 2016

Ancient Crete


-The Minoan palace is the main site of Knossos, an important city in antiquity, with continuous life from the Neolithic period to the 5th century.
It is built on the hill of Kefalas, with easy access to the sea and the island of Crete.
The oldest traces of habitation in the area of ​​the palace date back to the Neolithic period (7000-3000 BC). The occupation continues in palatial period (3000-1900 BC), after which the area was leveled for the construction of a great palace. This first palace was destroyed, probably by an earthquake in 1700 BC.The palace of Knossos have gineiefreias scale restorations.

Impression causes the variety of building materials, painted plaster, the marble decorations and frescoes that adorn rooms and corridors.

Around the palace there is a large central courtyard, which was a public area concentrations. Around the palace extended the Minoan settlement.
Around the palace stretched the Minoan settlement.

1961 revealed Neolithic dwellings beneath the courtyard of the palace.

Numerous, magnificent art, findings from the palace and the original frescoes kept in the Archaeological Museum of Heraklion. The visitor can see remains of Prepalatial Period (before 2000 BC) and even earlier, from the Neolithic settlement.



-The Minoan Palace of Festos, is located in South - Central Crete, the Messara plain, it's about 55 km south of Heraklion and a short distance from the archaeological site of Agia Triada, the archaeological site of Gortys and Matala.
Festos is the most important archaeological sites of Crete, and receives many thousands of visitors every year.
The Minoan palace corresponds to a flourishing city which arose in the fertile plain of Messara in prehistoric times, ie from 6000 BC approximately to the 1st BC century, as attested by archaeological finds.
It is the most important archaeological sites in Crete, and receives many thousand visitors every year.

  • The 2,000 BC built the first palace. Mythical founder seems Minos himself and its first king was Radamanthys brother.
  • In 1700 BC a powerful earthquake leveled the palace, which was rebuilt almost immediately.
  • In 1450 BC there was another disaster, not only in Festos but across the Crete. 
The town of Festos recovered from the destruction, minted its own coins and continued to flourish in the coming centuries until the 1st BC century when destroyed by neighboring Gortys.

Festos disk

-Festos Disc is an archaeological find from the Minoan town of Phaistos in southern Crete and probably dates back to the 17th century BC. It is one of the most famous mysteries of archaeology since the purpose of the construction and meaning of what is written in this remain unknown.
The disk was discovered on June 3, 1908 and is kept in the Archaeological Museum of Heraklion.
The disc is made of clay, who was one of the main ingredients of the Minoan world. On both sides of, are 45 different symbols, many of which depict easily recognizable objects such as human figures, fish, birds, insects, plants, etc. In total there are 241 symbols.

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